This is a free intermediate english grammar quiz and esl worksheet. A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. In english, if you want to follow a verb with another action, you must use a gerund or infinitive. This makes it difficult when we switch to spanish, since we now must make that distinction. Both have similarities in the sense that they can be used to describe a reason or a purpose. They combine the action meaning of the verb with the grammatical function of a noun.
Each one starts with a gerund and includes modifiers. Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. Because their function is that of a noun, gerunds may be used as the subject of a sentence. In english, the term present participle is used to refer to verbal elements or ing adjectives, such as swimming in the examples below. List of verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives pdf. Gerunds and infinitives with verbs perfect english grammar.
Gerunds infinitives esl activities worksheets games. The students complete each sentence with the verb in brackets in its gerund or infinitive form. Some verbs can be followed by either an infinitive, or an ing form but with a change in meaning. You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.
Also provides access to questions from students and teaching forum topics. Rules for using gerunds and infinitives gerunds and infinitives gerund the ing form of a verb which works as a noun is known as a gerund. Note that help can also be followed by the infinitive without to with no difference in meaning. Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive. Here in part 1, we introduce gerunds and infinitives and explain the basics of everyday usage. In the english language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning.
It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive the to form of the verb and which are followed by the gerund the ing form of the verb. Download gerund and infinitive list pdf down below. Gerund and infinitive pdf worksheets english vocabulary and. It is used after another verb, after an adjective or noun or as the subject or object of a sentence. Their memories of traveling in africa will stay with them forever. Gerunds vs infinitives 6 advanced gerunds vs infinitives exercise 7.
The good news is that our threepart tutorial gives you twenty gerund and infinitive tips to take you from beginner to pro. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Grammar gerunds and infinitives learning how to use gerunds and infinitives is one of the most challenging aspects of learning english. Here are some of the most common verbs that are usually followed by the gerund. For this reason, here you have a deep explanation of all their uses. Gerund it is a verb form which ends in ing and works as a. They require a preposition followed by a gerund ing form. List of verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives pdf download and phrases. Using gerunds and infinitives with other verbs in english is a tricky thing, because some verbs are followed only by infinitives and other verbs only by gerunds, while certain verbs may be followed by either one. Exercise 1 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs. Furthermore, use of infinitive or gerund after a certain verb may totally change the meaning of a sentence. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs.
Infinitive is a verbal that is formed by adding to before a verb and can serve as a noun, adjective, or even as an adverb. Exercise 1 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs exercise 2 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs exercise 3 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs exercise 4 in pdf here choose a gerund or infinitive when it changes the meaning. Gerunds and infinitives some important rules the form of the verb that ends in ing is called a gerund when used as a noun. Gerunds and infinitives pdf worksheets english grammar pdf. Rules for using gerunds and infinitives when to use. Difference between gerund and infinitive simply explained. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you. A gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and is used as a noun walking, traveling, voting. Go is most often used with an activity that is in gerund form. Here is a gerunds and infinitives worksheet to test students knowledge of gerunds and infinitives with to. Have the students work with a partner to match the meanings to the sentences in worksheet 74a. Homonyms two words with the same pronunciation homophones and homographs infinitive structures. Gerunds and infinitives exercises perfect english grammar.
In english, the gerund is the noun form of a verb, such as swimming in the sentence below. Learning to use gerunds and infinitives can feel a bit overwhelming at first. A gerund is a verb in its ing present participle form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. Nate deserved the prize for that amazing short story about through peru. Both can be used as the subject or object of a sentence. But in the object position, the choice of gerund or infinitive can seem. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your english skills. Gerund infinitive gi 6 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form. Download the complete list in pdf here see this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by the gerund or the infinitive. Gerunds are often used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. In spanish, this form is often translated using an infinitive, such as nadar. In english, we use the verb form ending in ing quite often without distinguishing between the use cases. Pdf lesson plans, teacher articles and a directory of teaching and reference resources. Esl conversation questions gerunds and infinitives.
Next, the students complete sentences with the gerund or infinitive. We can use an object before the infinitive with these verbs. Gerund and infinitive exercises perfect english grammar. They are useful because they allow us to use verbs as subjects and objects. Infinitives and gerunds take the place of a noun in a sentence. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with to. If there is to between two verbs, we call it infinitive and ing added to second verb it is called gerund. In this sentence, the gerund phrase traveling with a friend is the subject, made is the verb, the trip is the direct object, to new york is the indirect object, and more enjoyable is the object complement similar to a gerund, the infinitive form of a verb can also function as the subject of a. Gerunds are formed by adding ing to the end of a verb. See more ideas about learn english, english grammar and teaching english. Gerund and infinitive are parts of grammar that are very confusing for the students because of their similarities.
Infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective example. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the check button to check your answers. A gerund is a verb ending in ing that functions as a noun. Test yourself with our free english language quiz about gerund or infinitive. Some verbs can take both gerunds and infinitives, with only a slight difference in the meaning as explained in part i above. It also shows a couple of other complement patterns that can be used with the verb remember. Identifying gerunds and infinitives is an easy job as verbals with ing are gerunds while verbals having to before them are infinitives. Difference between gerund and infinitive compare the. A list of all the exercises about gerunds and infinitives on my site. If there is an object that you use, you can describe it using both a gerund as well as an infinitive.
Activity suggestion use this quiz either as a preactivity diagnostic tool, or as a postactivity evaluative assessment. The italicized texts in the above examples are the gerund phrases. The main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. P eople will understand you even if it sounds a little funny, but you can do better by studying which verbs go with a gerund and which verbs go with the infinitive. Gerund vs infinitive worksheets for students and teachers 5 several fill in the blanks and multiple choice exercises. English esl gerunds and infinitives worksheets most. Get all of our questions, plus many more, in an easy to access format. What is something you have a hard time remembering. Gi003 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. After the main verb, both gerunds and infinitives can be used.284 1426 1162 545 1338 466 1280 1510 374 1324 95 365 851 387 1373 111 675 1564 517 592 1042 1402 1270 171 1381 319 722 1499 985 290 84 459 578 784 1338 908 1337 1473 703 294 555 660 151 866